|The Myths of Suicide
There are a number of commonly-held incorrect beliefs about suicide. These myths of suicide stand in the way of providing assistance for those who are in danger. By removing the myths, those responsible for the care and education of young people will be more able to recognise those who are at risk and provide the help that is needed.
Myth :Young people who talk about suicide never attempt or complete suicide.
Fact: Talking about suicide can be a plea for help and it can be a late sign in the progression towards a suicide attempt. Those who are most at risk will show other signs apart from talking about suicide. If you have concerns about a young person who talks about suicide:
Myth: A promise to keep a note unopened and unread should always be kept.
Fact : Where the potential for harm, or actual harm, is disclosed then
confidentiality cannot be maintained. A sealed note with the request for the note not to
be opened is a very strong indicator that something is seriously amiss. A sealed note is a
late sign in the progression towards suicide
Myth: Attempted or completed suicides happen without warning.
Fact : The survivors of a suicide often say that the intention was hidden from them. It is more likely that the intention was not recognised. These warning signs include:
A sudden lifting of spirits, when there have been other indicators, may point to
a decision to end the pain of life through suicide.
Myth : If a person attempts suicide and survives, they will never make a further attempt
Fact : A suicide attempt is regarded as an indicator of further attempts. It is
likely that the level of danger will increase with each further suicide attempt.
Myth : Once a person is intent on suicide, there is no way of stopping them.
Fact : Suicides can be prevented. People can be helped. Suicidal crises can be
relatively short-lived. Suicide is a permanent solution to what usually a temporary
problem. Immediate practical help such as staying with the person, encouraging them to
talk and helping them build plans for the future, can avert the intention to attempt or
complete suicide. Such immediate help is valuable at a time of crisis, but appropriate
counselling will then be required.
Myth :People who threaten suicide are just seeking attention.
Fact : All suicide attempts must be treated as though the person has the intent
to die. Do not dismiss a suicide attempt as simply being an attention-gaining device. It
is likely that the young person has tried to gain attention and, therefore, this attention
is needed. The attention that they get may well save their lives.
Myth : Talking about suicide or asking someone if they feel suicidal will encourage suicide attempts.
Fact : Talking about suicide provides the opportunity for communication. Fear
that are shared are more likely to diminish. The first step in encouraging a suicidal
person to live comes from talking about feeling. That first step can be the simple inquiry
about whether or not the person is intending to end their life. However, talking about
suicide should be carefully managed.
Myth : Suicide is hereditary.
Fact : Although suicide can be over-represented in families, it is attempts. not
genetically inherited. Members of families share the same emotional environment/ and the
completed suicide of one family member may well raise the awareness of suicide as an
option for other family members.
Myth : Only certain types of people become suicidal.
Fact : Everyone has the potential for suicide. The evidence is that predisposing
conditions may lead to either attempted or completed suicides. It is unlikely that those
who do not have the predisposing conditions (for example, depression, conduct disorder,
substance abuse, feeling of rejection, rage, emotional pain and anger) will complete
Myth : Myth Suicide is painless.
Fact : Many suicide methods are very painful. Fictional portrayals of suicide do
not usually include the reality of the pain
Myth : Depression and self-destructive behaviour are rare in young people.
Fact : Both forms of behaviour are common in adolescents. Depression may
manifest itself in ways which are different from its manifestation in adults but it is
prevalent in children and adolescents. Self-destructive behaviour is most likely to be
shown for the first time in adolescence and its incidence is on the rise.
Myth : All suicidal young people are depressed.
Fact : While depression is a contributory factor in most suicides, it need not
be present for suicide to be attempted or completed .
Myth : Marked and sudden improvement in the mental state of an attempter following a suicidal crisis or depressive period signifies that the suicide risk is over.
Fact : The opposite may be true. In the three months following an attempt, a
young person is at most risk of completing suicide. The apparent lifting of the problems
could mean the person has made a firm decision to suicide and feels better because this
Myth : Once a young person is suicidal, they will be suicidal forever.
Fact : Most young people who are considering suicide will only be that way for a
limited period of their lives. Given proper assistance and support, they will probably
recover and continue to lead meaningful and happy lives unhindered by suicidal concerns.
Myth : Suicidal young people cannot help themselves.
Fact : Whilst contemplating suicide, young people may have a distorted
perception of their actual life situation and what solutions are appropriate for them to
take. However, with support and constructive assistance from caring and informed people
around them, young people can gain full self-direction and self-management in their lives.
Myth : The only effective intervention for suicide comes from professional psychotherapists with extensive experience in the area.
Fact : All people who interact with suicidal adolescents can help them by way of
emotional support and encouragement. Psychotherapeutic interventions also rely
heavily on family, and friends providing a network of support.
Myth : Most suicidal young people never seek or ask for help with their problems.
Fact : Evidence shows that they often tell their school peers of their thoughts
and plans. Most suicidal adults visit a medical doctor during the three months prior to
killing themselves. Adolescents are more likely to 'ask' for help through non-verbal
gestures than to express their situation verbally to others.
Myth : Suicidal young people are always angry when someone intervenes and they will resent that person afterwards.
Fact : While it is common for young people to be defensive and resist help at
first, these behaviours are often barriers imposed to test how much people care and are
prepared to help. For most adolescents considering suicide, it is a relief to have someone
genuinely care about them and to be able to share the emotional burden of their plight
with another person. When questioned some time later, the vast majority express gratitude
for the intervention.
Myth : Break-ups in relationships happen so frequently, they do not cause suicide.
Fact :Suicide can be precipitated by the loss of a relationship.
Myth :Suicidal young people are insane or mentally ill.
Fact : Although suicidal adolescents are likely to be extremely unhappy and may
be classified as having a mood disorder, such as depression, most are not legally insane.
However, there are small numbers of individuals whose mental state meets psychiatric
criteria for mental illness and who need Psychiatric help.
Myth : Most suicides occur in winter months when the weather is poor.
Fact : Seasonal variation data are essentially based on adult suicides, with
limited adolescent data available. However, it seems adolescent suicidal behaviour is most
common during the spring and early summer months.
Fact : The causes of suicidal behaviour cut across SES boundaries. While the
literature in the area is incomplete, there is no definitive link between SES and suicide.
This does not preclude localised tendencies nor trends in a population during a certain
period of time.
Myth : Some people are always suicidal
Fact : Nobody is suicidal at all times. The risk of suicide for any individual
varies across time, as circumstances change. This is why it is important for regular
assessments of the level of risk in individuals who are 'at risk'.
Myth : Every death is preventable.
Fact : No matter how well intentioned, alert and diligent people's efforts may
be, there is no way of preventing all suicides from occurring.
Myth : The main problem with preventive efforts is trying to implement strategies in an extremely grey area
Fact : The problem is that we lack a complete understanding of youth suicide and
know more about what is not known than what is fact.
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